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Pētījums "ECONOMIC INTERVENTION BY LOCAL AND REGIONAL AUTHORITIES" izstrādāts sērijā

Local Economic Intervention

Saturs:

I. SCOPE, DEFINITIONS AND CONTEXT ..................................................................................... 5
II. ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES OF LOCAL AND REGIONAL AUTHORITIES:
AN A PRIORI ANALYSIS............................................................................................................... 6
1. Legal competencies and liabilities ....................................................................................... 6
2. Direct creation of local and regional enterprises ................................................................. 7
3. Partnerships and equity holdings.......................................................................................... 7
III. POLICY FRAMEWORKS............................................................................................................. 10
1. The marked-oriented approach........................................................................................... 10
2. The interventionist approach .............................................................................................. 10
IV. CHANGING CONTEXTS............................................................................................................. 13
V. LOCAL AND REGIONAL AUTHORITIES ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES.................................. 14
1. Economic activities undertaken directly ............................................................................ 14
2. Use of partnerships and equity participation...................................................................... 21
3. The existence and source of legal powers.......................................................................... 24
4. Regulatory control over the direct creation of enterprises................................................. 27
5. Regulations controlling the extent of ownership of equity................................................ 30
6. Regulations controlling partnerships with private sector businesses ................................ 32
7. Legal relationships between authorities and the management
of private businesses where the authorities are majority shareholders ............................. 33
8. Legal liability of authorities in the event of bankruptcy of
businesses in which they have ownership arrangements................................................... 35
9. The degree of integration of companies' and authorities' accounts ................................... 36
10. Central policies regarding economic intervention by authorities...................................... 37
11. Central controls over local and regional authorities' involvement
in economic activities ......................................................................................................... 41
VI. SYNTHESIS ................................................................................................................................... 45
RECOMMENDATIONS FROM THE STEERING COMMITTEE ON LOCAL
AND REGIONAL AUTHORITIES ON ECONOMIC INTERVENTION BY
LOCAL AND REGIONAL AUTHORITIES ............................................................................................ 50